Honolulu /ˌhoʊnoʊˈluːluː/;Hawaiian: hono’lulu) is the county seat of the City and County of Honolulu. It is the state capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Hawaii.a[›] Situated on the island of Oahu, it is known worldwide as a major tourist destination; Honolulu is the main gateway to Hawaii and a major gateway into the United States of America. It is also a major hub for international business, military defense, as well as famously being host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine, and traditions.
Honolulu is both the southernmost and westernmost major United States city. For statistical purposes, the U.S. Census Bureau recognizes the approximate area commonly referred to as “City of Honolulu” (not to be confused with the “City and County”) as a census county division (CCD). Honolulu is a major financial center of the islands and of the Pacific Ocean. The population of Honolulu CCD was 390,738 at the 2010 census, while the population of the consolidated city and county was 953,207.
In the Hawaiian language, Honolulu means “sheltered bay” or “place of shelter”; alternatively, it means “calm port”. The old name is said to be Kou, a district roughly encompassing the area from Nuuanu Avenue to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to Queen Street which is the heart of the present downtown district. The city has been the capital of the Hawaiian islands since 1845 and gained historical recognition following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor near the city on December 7, 1941.